“The enemy has got a face. He’s called Satan. He’s in Fallujah and we’re going to destroy him.”
–Col. Gary Brandl (AP, 6 November 2004)
“Nearly every refugee from Fallujah I’ve interviewed has spoken of mass executions, tanks rolling over the wounded in the streets, bodies being thrown in the Euphrates by the military, and other atrocities.”
–Dahr Jamail (Interview with Charles Shaw, Newtopia, 2 December 2004)
Deputy Governor in the Western Iraqi province of Al Anbar, Sadun Obaid al-Shalan, today called for using DNA tests to identify about a thousand bodies found in three mass graves on Thursday. Security forces and human rights organizations found the mass graves with containing around a thousand bodies in the northern city of Fallujah, and it appears that they were killed en masse in summary executions by U.S. occupation forces, said Sadun Obaid al-Shalan. […] The mass burial was found in three graves between Saqlawiyah and Ameriyah localities, said the deputy governor, and it is presumed that those people were killed in 2004 and 2005, with their deaths never reported during the combat to retake control of the city.
It has already been reported that during the 2004 battles in Fallujah, the US military:
- Allowed its client regime under US-appointed leader Ayad Allawi to threaten legal action against journalists and news agencies that refused to “stick to the government line” (Reuters, 11 November 2004).
- Had snipers indiscriminately shooting “anything that moves” so that Iraqis were “afraid of even looking out the window” (AP, 12 November 2004). Snipers even regularly shot at ambulances (IPS, 20 April 2004).
- Considered parts of the city to be “weapons-free” zones. In the words of Kevin Sites, this meant that “Marines can shoot whatever they see–it’s all considered hostile” (NBC News, 10 November 2004).
- Prevented “all males aged 15 to 55” from fleeing the city before and during the largest offensive (AP, 13 November 2004).
- Dropped three bombs on a medical center, killing 35 patients and 15 workers (Nation, 24 November 2004).
- Spurned a truce offer from prominent Sunni leaders (Washington Post, 6 November 2004).
- Tossed dead Iraqis into the Euphrates River (New Standard, 3 December 2004).
- Shot and killed Iraqis attempting to flee the city by swimming across the Euphrates River (Ibid).
- Blanketed the city with white phosphorus, a napalm-like weapon that causes agonizing burning even when water is applied (AP, 16 November 2005; IPS, 25 November 2004; Independent, 15 November 2005).
- Prohibited humanitarian NGOs from entering during the worst of the fighting (IRIN, 17 November 2004).
- Destroyed 70% of the city’s buildings (IRIN, 4 April 2005).
- Killed around 6,000 of the city’s residents according to the Iraq Red Crescent Society (IRIN, 26 November 2004).
- Left behind a medical catastrophe of skyrocketing rates of cancer and birth defects likely caused by depleted uranium (Rania Khalek, 20 March 2013).
- “The barbarians of Fallujah” by Matt Carr
- “Fallujah’s legacy” by Richard Seymour
- “Remember Fallujah: demonising place, constructing atrocity” by Stephen Graham